Jackie Stewart - PC Help


Diabetes Type 1 and 2

Click here for freebies and information for people with type 1 diabetes

Please do not dismiss any symptoms a child has it only takes a small easy finger tip blood sample to make sure they are ok and any doctor will gladly check it out for you. It could save your child's life.


3 members of my immediate family are type 1 diabetics. My son Joseph (age 17 and diagnosed at age 9), my niece Rachael (age 16 diagnosed at age 9) and my sister Sandra (age 41 diagnosed at age 25)


They all would like people to know that they didn't do anything wrong to themselves and it really all comes down to bad luck and not bad diet or eating too many sweets, a matter of fact they all ate very little sweets and had a healthy diet before being diagnosed. This type of diabetes cannot be controlled with diet alone and the they need to inject themselves with insulin up to  5 times a day. They find it easier having a close member of the family to help them cope with what happened to them and also share tips on controlling diabetes.

Types of Diabetes, the differences and the symptoms to spot

Type 1 (juvenile) diabetes occurs when a person’s pancreas stops producing insulin, a hormone that enables people to get energy from food. Type 1 diabetes usually strikes in childhood, although it can also affect adults. It lasts a lifetime and requires multiple daily injections of insulin and finger-prick blood glucose monitoring. A person with type 1 diabetes must constantly try to balance insulin and food intake to avoid hypoglycaemia (low blood sugar) and hyperglycaemia (high blood sugar), both of which can be life threatening.


Type 2 diabetes occurs either when the pancreas no longer produces enough insulin for the body, or when the body is no longer able to use the insulin produced efficiently. Treatment includes diet control, exercise, self-monitoring of blood glucose and, in some cases, oral drugs or insulin. Type 2 diabetes is usually diagnosed in adulthood. However, cases of type 2 diabetes are increasingly being diagnosed in younger adults and children.


Insulin is not a cure for any type of diabetes and does not stop the long term, potentially devastating effects of the condition.

Symptoms of type 1 diabetes include: extreme thirst, frequent urination, drowsiness or lethargy, sudden weight loss for no reason, sudden vision changes, fruity odour on breath, heavy or laboured breathing, stupor or unconsciousness. These symptoms may occur suddenly.


Symptoms of type 2 diabetes include: any symptoms of type 1 diabetes, recurring or hard to heal skin, gum or urinary tract infections, drowsiness, tingling of hands and feet, itching of skin and genitals.

Joseph's Information

Joseph was unfortunate to be undiagnosed for a considerable length of time and even though he was already very slim he lost a drastic amount of weight and ended up severely ill with ketoacidosis. We were on our first holiday abroad when Joseph showed severe symptoms and was rushed to a local hospital by an emergency doctor then transferred by emergency ICU ambulance to Alicante General Hospital and ended up in ICU for 5 days, then a private room for another 7 days and finally on new years day 2005 we were transferred back to Glasgow and he spent another 5 days in Yorkhill Hospital. He is doing really well now and is now at a very healthy weight for his height and has his diabetes well under control, in fact the hospital say his results are that good that he his results are the same as a person without diabetes.

Rachael's Information

Rachael was slightly more lucky than Joseph as an unexplained rash appeared on her body and was dismissed as shingles but after a week of it not clearing up her mum took her to the out of hours service in the hospital and they diagnosed diabetes with a simple finger prick blood test. She was taken into Yorkhill hospital and started treatment straight away and was allowed home after 2 days.

Sandra's Information

Sandra was diagnosed when she was 25 when she went into hospital for an operation and they routinely tested her blood sugar levels and noticed they were quite high. Sandra on looking back the few months before that did show the classic signs of diabetes by losing a lot of weight and having a really bad thirst she couldn't quench. The hospital wouldn't go ahead with the operation until he blood settled and in the following days she was diagnosed as a type 1 diabetic and started her insulin treatment that she continues to this day 13 years on.

Free goodies and activity sites for people with type 1 diabetes

Insulin Dependent Diabetes Trust - Site for children with diabetes and free goodie bag for them and their brothers and sisters.


Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation - This site is ideal for children with type 1 diabetes and you can apply for a free KIDSAC that includes a bear either Rufus or Ruby you can practise injecting on, adoption certificate and book for kids to learn about their diabetes (strictly for children with type 1 diabetes only).


T1 Kids - Activity website for children with diabetes.


Ultra Man - Diabetes activity website for kids with downloads and free record book.


Carbohydrate Calculator - This program will calculate the carbohydrates in most foods as well as fast food chains. Great for diabetics.

Information for people with type 1 diabetes

Lifescan - The makers of One Touch blood testing meters. See if you are entitled to a free blood glucose testing machine.


Diabetes UK - Loads of information about diabetes for all ages. Join the diabetes weekly lottery for a chance to win money as well as donate to Diabetes research at the same time.


Diabetes Forum - Have your say and discussions with other people with diabetes.


Diabetes Risk Checker - This online checker from diabetes UK will give you a risk assessment for diabetes.


Children Diabetes Service - This site gives you information straight from the diabetic team.